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Real Estate Terms


  • Gable   A triangular wall enclosed by the sloping ends of a ridged roof or a triangular decorative feature.
  • Gable roof   A ridged roof that forms a triangle at each end.
  • Gag rules   A provision in contracts signed by new buyers that prohibits the owners from publicizing complaints about the builder.
  • Gambrel roof   A roof with two slopes, often seen on barns.
  • General contractor   The person who hires all of the subcontractors and suppliers for a project.
  • General plan   A government’s long-range land-use plan.
  • Georgian style   Popular throughout the 18th century, this type of architecture is distinguished by a symmetrical facade, prominent front entrance and quoins-decorative blocks of masonry or wood set in the corners of the house.
  • Geodesic dome   A structure constructed of lightweight bars forming a grid of polygons.
  • Gift   A cash gift a buyer receives from a relative or other source. Lenders usually require a “gift letter” stating that the money will not have to be repaid.
  • Gingerbread decoration   An intricate, almost lacy, wood trim.
  • Girders   Crossbeams that support floor joists.
  • Good-faith estimate   An estimate from an institutional lender that shows the costs a borrower will incur, including loan-processing charges and inspection fees.
  • Government National Mortgage Association   Commonly known as Ginnie Mae, this agency buys home loans from lenders, pools them with other loans and sells shares to investors. Ginnie Mae differs from its cousins, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, in that it only purchases loans backed by the federal government.
  • Grace period   A specified amount of time to make a loan payment after its due date without penalty.
  • Grade   The elevation of land above level ground.
  • Graduated-payment mortgage (GPM)   A mortgage that requires a borrower to make larger monthly payments over the term of the loan. The payment is unusually low for the first few years but gradually rises until year three or five, then remains fixed.
  • Grade level   The flat or sloping surface upon which a house is built.
  • Granny flat   Slang term for a separate unit in a house or above the garage, which in the past may have been occupied by an elderly relative.
  • Grantee   A person conveyed an interest in a piece of property.
  • Grantor   The person who conveys an interest in a piece of property to another person.
  • Greek Revival style   A style introduced in the U.S. at the end of the 18th century. Its most prominent feature is a pillar-anchored pediment forming a portico in the front of the house.
  • Greenbelt   Any stretch of park, open space or other natural setting in a community.
  • Gross income   The total income of a household before taxes or expenses are subtracted.
  • Ground fault circuit interrupter   Devices that detect leakage of electrical current to the ground and prevent accidental shock.
  • Ground rent   The amount of money paid for the use of a piece of property when it is a leasehold estate.
  • Group home   A single-family residence used as a living space for unrelated, developmentally disabled or mentally disabled people.
  • Growing-equity mortgage   A fixed rate mortgage that increases payments over a specific period of time. The extra funds are applied to the principal.
  • Guarantee mortgage   A loan guaranteed by a third party, such as a government institution.
  • Gutters   Horizontal channels installed at the edge of a roof to carry rainwater or melted snow away from the house.